Planning the Transition from Pediatric
to Adult Medical Care
Three professional organizations detail the steps needed to ensure a smooth transition.
At some point, pediatric patients transition to an adult medical home (or in family medicine practices to an adult care model). Although potentially challenging for any patient, transition to an adult care system might be especially complex for patients with special healthcare needs. To maximize the probability that these transitions will be orderly and responsive to the needs of patients, the American Academy of Pediatrics, the American Academy of Family Physicians, and the American College of Physicians updated a 2002 consensus statement to "advance the practice-based implementation of planning, decision-making, and documentation processes for youth who are approaching transition." Highlights of the clinical report include the following:
Comment: This report emphasizes that unless practices take these specific steps, transition to adult care risks being haphazard. Implementing these policies will serve all our patients but will be particularly beneficial to youth with special healthcare needs and the providers who assume their care. The report suggests that transition planning begin at age 12 years and occur at age 18, but clearly the timing at either end of the process must be individualized based on the adolescent's developmental level, the complexity of his or her chronic condition or conditions, the readiness of the adolescent and family to begin the planning process or to change providers, the characteristics of the current medical home, and the ability to identify a suitable adult medical home.
— Alain Joffe, MD, MPH, FAAP
Published in Journal Watch Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine August 17, 2011
American Academy of Pediatrics, American Academy of Family Physicians, and American College of Physicians, Transitions Clinical Report Authoring Group. Supporting the health care transition from adolescence to adulthood in the medical home. Pediatrics 2011 Jul; 128:182.
Got Transition: New National Health Care Transition Center
Got Transition is the new National Health Care Transition Center supporting optimal transitions for youth from pediatric to adult models of care and their seamless transfer to adult health care settings. Got Transition will facilitate the implementation and dissemination of health care transition best practices in primary care medical homes and specialty settings, particularly for those youth and young adults with special health care needs. Got Transition is leading health care transition learning collaboratives with pediatric and adult practices in Washington DC, Denver, and Boston. Teams of physicians care coordinators, and consumer youth and family members are implementing the Got Transition Six Core Elements of Health Care Transition a health care transition toolkitinformed by the July 2011 AAP/AAFP/ACP clinical report. Teams are testing practice changes for their effectiveness and practicality to identify feasible improvement strategies.